literal translation is pig altar, and it defines a triangular division
of land that runs from the mountain (mauka) to the sea (kai).
A pig altar (a rock with a pigs head made out of kukui leaves)
was raised on the shore to indicate the boundaries of the ahupua`a.
Each ahupua`a was home to
an extended family (`ohana)
of 30 to 100 people, ruled by chiefs (ali`i
nui) and bosses (koho
whose responsibility (kule`ana)
was to care for the Gods, the land, and the community.
rainforest region (waonahele) of the ahupua`a
was where the land pulled water from the sky, providing wood and
The center region (kula
where fertile lands were used for agriculture. And the region by the
for fishing, and where most of the houses (hale)
wai fresh water
kahakai beach (close to the
kai ocean, salt water
moana deep blue ocean (the deepest part)
ao cloud (pronounced owl)
a rough, raging sea wind
rain or mist
heavy, drenching rain
pāki`o showery rain