Nui Nā `Ano Like `Ole
(Great Diversity)

       
  Hawai`i has been home to Polynesians for more than 1,500 years. The first to arrive were from the Marquesas between 500 and 600 A.D.

500 years later, a second migration occurred from Tahiti and the Society Islands.

In the 600 years between 1100 A.D. and first contact with European explorers in 1778, the Hawaiian population grew to more than 400,000, with some estimates approaching 700,000. Hawaiian society was marked by rigid caste systems, ruled by small kingdoms throughout the islands until, in 1810, Kamehameha I conquered his rivals and became the first King of all of Hawai`i.

Along with contact with the outside world, came disease and, over the next hundred years, the Native Hawaiian population was decimated.

In 1893, the population of Hawai`i was approximately 90,000 with 45% being Native or part Hawaiian, 17% Chinese, 16% Anglo-Saxon (only 2% being Americans), 14% Japanese, and 8% born in Hawai`i of Polynesian or "other" parents.

In 2006, with a population of 1, 285,498, approximately 40% were Asian, 28% were white, 9% were Native Hawaiian or Polynesian, 7% Hispanics, 2% black, and a small number of American Indians and Alaska Natives. 19% were persons of two or more races.

This blending of races leads to alternative sets of percentages that make it difficult to get a clear picture of the multicultural diversity that makes Hawai`i unique in the United States, and throughout the world. For example: people of Asian ancestry, alone or in combination with other races, reach 55.6%, the white population, alone of in combination with other races, was at 42.6%, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders, alone or in combination with other races, represent 21.4% ... oops, we're already well over 100% without the Hispanic, black and other populations.

The result is a wonderful combination of Eastern, Western and Pacific Island cultures that cross and blend, with today's "Hawaiian" often adopting the best of all of them.

That does not mean that the purity of these cultures is lost, however. Racial, family, and community identities are honored, perpetuated, and practiced intact for all the residents of Hawai`i to see, learn from and share.

 
       
  Immigration Timeline    
       
       1778 English Captain Cook    
       1778-1820 Europeans and American Missionaries    
       1832 Spanish and Mexican    
       1852 Chinese    
       1868 Japanese    
       1878 Portuguese    
       1881 Germans    
       1903 Koreans    
       1900 Puerto Ricans    
       1906 Filipinos    
       1919 Samoans    
       
  2014 - 2015 Population By Races    
       
 

Race

Population

% of Total

Total Population

1,360,301

100

Asian

525,078

38

White

336,599

24

Two or More Races

320,629

23

Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander

135,422

9

Hispanic or Latino

120,842

8

Three or more races

113,640

8

Native Hawaiian

80,337

5

Black or African American

21,424

1

Some Other Race

16,985

1

American Indian

4,164

Below 1%

Alaska Native tribes

186

Below 1%

   
       
  2014 - 2015 Population By Races And Gender  
     
 

 

Male

Female

Total

Total Population

681,243

679,058

1,360,301

Asian

245,177

279,901

525,078

White

181,197

155,402

336,599

Two or More Races

161,219

159,410

320,629

Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander

68,829

66,593

135,422

Hispanic or Latino

61,084

59,758

120,842

Three or more races

56,397

57,243

113,640

Native Hawaiian

40,900

39,437

80,337

Black or African American

13,266

8,158

21,424

Some Other Race

9,332

7,653

16,985

American Indian

2,223

1,941

4,164

Alaska Native tribes

89

97

186

 
     
 

Source:  https://suburbanstats.org/population/how-many-people-live-in-hawaii

 
       
       
  For more information:    
       
       An Essay on Hawai`i's People

     Early European Contact

     Hawaiian Culture

     Hawaiian Roots: Imigration

Hawaiian Timeline

On Being Hawaiian Enough
 
The Chinese in Hawai`i

The Pokiki: Portuguese Traditions

 
       
           
             
   
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